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Glossary Of Weight Lifting Equipment Terms


Glossary of Weight Lifting Equipment Terms


This glossary weight lifting and sports nutrition terms and definitions is organized alphabetically for your convenience. It is our hope that this will become an excellent reference headquarters for you.

Click on appropriate section for terms starting with:

[A-B]  [C-D]  [E-F]  [G-I]  [J-N]  [O-R] [S-Z]

1 Ton Hooks

1 Ton training hooksRevolutionary weight lifting hooks. These hooks are super comfortable…if you’re doing deadlifts, shrugs or lat pulldowns without these hooks you are absolutely cheating yourself out of huge gains in your shoulder and upper and lower back development!! People who tested these weight lifting hooks averaged a 98% increase in the total weight lifted on their second set!! 1-Ton Hooks allow you to hoist weight to the limits of your genetic potential without discomfort.

ABA – Amateur Bodybuilding Association - ABA is the world's premier natural bodybuilding association holding contests all over the world. Now the ABA has gone International and Professional level with the INBA (International Natural Bodybuilding Association) and the
PNBA ( Professional natural Bodybuilding Association) promoting over a 125 shows over the past year.
For more information please see:

Abdominals – the muscles of the abdomen, the series of muscles located on the lower front midsection of the torso. The main purpose of these muscles is to contract the body forward and they usually have a range of 6 to 8 inches. Building strong abdominal muscles usually helps to alleviate back pain. The highly sought after six pack of abs is a condition where the abdominals are strengthened through exercise and all fat is eliminated from the abdominal area in order to show off a “washboard” looking stomach.

Ab Bench – An incline bench usually with a removable back pad to make the bench more adjustable to an individual’s height constraints. Ab benches come with pulley-and-cable mechanisms that are engineered to lift weights as you work your abs in a crunch style of exercise. The weights are attached to a strap fits over your shoulders, you hold the strap and perform a crunch while lifting the weights that hang behind the bench. Ab benches are excellent units for exercising the abdominals. Well known brands such as Nautilus, Powertec and BodySolid sell top of the line ab benches; these can be found for some of the best prices at online stores such as MegaFitness and

Ab Workouts – Exercises that workout the abdominal muscles. The abdominal muscles really are the showcase of your physique and these ab exercises will help you show them off: crunches, side twists, hanging leg raises, rope crunches, incline crunches, bench leg raises and reverse crunches.

See: Good Beginner Exercises For Awesome Abs

See: Good Intermediate Exercises For Awesome Abs

See: Good Advanced Exercises For Awesome Abs

Acupuncture – A five thousand year old traditional Chinese healing art that aims to rebalance the flow of energy (or Qi – pronounced Chee) in the body. Acupuncture works by the insertion of very fine needles into the body’s energy pathways called meridians. It is thought that many health afflictions are caused by blockages in these energy pathways. These energy blockages can also hinder the body’s healing ability for healing muscle sprains and bone and ligament injuries. It is also possible to stimulate the flow of energy through strategically placed heat applications, and pressure and massage on points along the body’s energy pathways. Acupuncture provides drug-free pain relief so that the body may start the process of healing. It is especially effective for afflictions of the respiratory system, eyes, stomach, intestines and the nervous, skeletal and muscular systems. Bodybuilders may find it a useful natural healing tool for sprained muscles and torn ligaments, along with healing other health afflictions that may be hampering their bodybuilding progress.

Aerobic Exercise - Any physical activity that increases the heart beat and allows the body to replenish oxygen to working muscles continuously. This can be any endurance exercise such as bike riding, running or walking and is best performed at low to moderate intensity. Aerobic exercise burns fat and uses glycogen for fuel.

AIDS - AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Acquired means you can get infected with it; Immune Deficiency means a weakness in the body's system that fights diseases. Syndrome means a group of health problems that make up a disease. AIDS is caused by a virus called HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. AIDS is usually contracted through an exchange of body fluids. Being HIV-positive, or having HIV disease, is not the same as having AIDS. Many people are HIV-positive but don't get sick for many years. As HIV disease continues, it slowly wears down the immune system. Viruses, parasites, fungi and bacteria that usually don't cause any problems can make you very sick if your immune system is damaged. These are called "opportunistic infections". There have been instances of bodybuilders who have contracted AIDS because they shared needles for anabolic steroids. For more information on AIDS please see: Flame of Hope.

Amino Acids - The “building blocks of life” of which proteins are constructed. Amino acids are any of a class of 20 molecules linked together by chemical bonds to form polypeptide chains. Proteins are made from chains of polypeptides that are linked together, the sequence of amino acids/polypeptides in a protein determines the type of protein and thus the function of that protein.

Anabolic Steroids - Anabolic steroids are synthetic versions of the primary male sex hormone testosterone. For More Info Please Click Here: Anabolic Steroids.

Anaerobic Exercise – The term "anaerobic" means "without oxygen" or "without air." Anaerobic exercise uses muscles at high intensity and a high rate of work for a short period of time. Because these exercises are so intense they lead to oxygen debt and can only be performed for short periods of time. Anaerobic exercises help you increase muscle strength and stay ready for quick bursts of speed. Think of short and fast when you think of anaerobic exercise. Examples of anaerobic exercise include sprinting, heavy weight lifting or any rapid burst of hard exercise.

Arm Blaster – A short flat, bar that is usually made from heavy gauge steel. The bar is approximately 7 inches wide/tall and is made to sit on your chest whilst hanging from a strap that fits around your neck. The bar has indents at either end for your arms to sit in. This allows you to brace your arms and intensify exercises such as bicep curls.

Asymmetric Training – Exercises that focus on training one side of the body at a time. For example: lateral raises, one-arm dumbbell curls, single leg squats.

Barbell - Typically a solid steel or hollow steel bar four to six feet long. The bar is made to accommodate metal or vinyl covered weight plates and has collars to secure the plates to the bar.

Belt – A wide belt, usually 3-6” wide, that is worn around the waist by bodybuilders and weight lifters. Weight lifting belts provide lower back and lower spine support while you are lifting weights. Weight lifting belts are usually made from leather, but can also be found in heavy duty canvas models too. One of the most recommended brands is Harbinger. Note that most manufacturers carry smaller belts for women too.

Bench – Exercise benches are a primary piece of equipment in the set up of any gym, either home or commercial. One of the more flexible and multi-purpose benches you can get is the flat exercise bench. This bench is fairly standard and enables you to perform a variety of different exercises on it. Be sure to look for one that is made with extra thick foam padding and a wide base for increased stability during your workouts. This standard bench is not very expensive when compared to others on the market, but it does provide the basics and allows for a thorough workout with your free weights. Other types of weight lifting benches are: ab benches, incline benches, decline benches, adjustable benches and portable benches.

Bench Leg Raises – Abdominal Exercise – Sit at the edge of a flat bench. Keep your upper torso at a 45 angle above the bench, your feet straight out and slightly below the bench. Maintain a stable upper body and slowly raise your legs to a 45 angle to the floor. It is important to contract your abs here. Slowly lower you legs, and return to the starting position. Repeat for your designated number of reps.

Bent Lateral Raises – Shoulder Exercise – Plant your feet shoulder width apart and grasp two dumbbells with your palms turned towards each other. Bend forward until your torso is almost parallel with the ground and hang the dumbbells in front of you. With your elbows slightly bent, raise the dumbbells up and to the sides until they are parallel with the ground. Keep your back straight at all times; contract your delts at the top of the movement. Slowly return to the starting position. Repeat for your designated number of reps.

Biceps –The biceps brachii is the well-known flexor muscle in the upper arm and bulges when the arm is bent in a C-shape with the fist toward the forehead. The biceps is a muscle that has two heads or origins. In Latin, biceps means two-headed.

BMR - Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the number of calories your body burns at rest to maintain normal body functions. It is the amount of calories per day your body burns, regardless of exercise. It changes with age, weight, height, gender, diet and exercise habits.

Bodybuilding - Bodybuilding is the sport of developing muscle fibers through the combination of weight training, increased caloric intake, and rest. Competitive bodybuilders display their physiques to a panel of judges, who assign points.

Bodyfat Percentage - The percentage of total body weight that is fat. For male bodybuilders, 8-10% is the off-season goal, and 2-4% is the competition goal. For women bodybuilders, 19-24% is the off season goal, and 10-12% is the competition goal. It is possible to measure your bodyfat percentage with electronic monitors or mechanical calipers. Most gyms or personal trainers can help you calculate your bodyfat percentage.

Body Sculpting – The art of shaping muscles through exercise and weight lifting to optimal proportions.

Breathing Pullovers – This is a specialized exercise used by bodybuilders to stretch the rib cage. These exercises produce a large rib cage and therefore, a more desirable and larger chest measurement.

Bulking up – This is a controversial practice where bodybuilders gain 30-40 pounds of bodyweight over a short period of time. The idea is to gain muscle by eating more food. This practice is controversial because the type of foods that are used to bulk up are usually of lesser quality and contain a lot of fat, thus it is a fairly unhealthy practice. There are also more competitions nowadays, and the demand for fitness models is quite high too, therefore it is to a bodybuilders advantage to stay in top form year round.

Burn – A bodybuilding term that refers to the feeling a muscle gets as it is exercised. The muscle feels like it is “burning” when partial reps are done at the end of a set when performing full reps is impossible due to muscle fatigue. You know that you have performed your exercise to your maximum potential when you start to feel this “burn”.

Burn Fat – A fitness term that refers to reducing body fat. The best way to do this is with lots of very low intensity fat burning exercises like running on the treadmill, riding a recumbent bike, slow jogging, etc. The key is to make sure that the intensity is really low. Higher intensity exercise will cut into your recovery ability and your weightlifting workouts will have to be spaced further apart in order to accommodate recovery from both the intense aerobic activity and weightlifting workouts. Lower intensity aerobic activity does not require significant recovery time, thus it will not interfere with your weight lifting workouts.

Special Offers

1-Ton Lifting Hooks
KD Industries is the exclusive supplier for the 1-Ton Lifting Hooks.  We recommend them as they are made with a thick layer of neoprene to protect your wrists, they are made from 12-Guage solid steel so they do not break or bend and they are fully adjustable!



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